Hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia is the fear of: 
 
  666
    and the Anti-Christ

Fragment from the oldest piece of the

Book of Revelation.  In the third line the beast is called 616  

             GEMATRIA

Numerals (1, 2,3,4,5,6, 7, 8, 9, 0) are relatively recent inventions. 2000 years ago, when the New Testament was being written, there were no numerals. When they wanted to write down numbers, they had to go\, \\, \\\, \\\\,etc, or else use letters to represent numbers. 
For example, we could make the letter A equal 1, B - 2, C - 3, D - 4, etc, Then the numerical value.of the name Ada would be l+4+1=6


This is the way Roman numerals work. The letter I equals one, V=5, X=l0, L=50, C=l00, D=500 and M=1000. Each language would use its.own alphabet as numerals in a similar manner
.

So we see that 666 or 616, is the numerical value of someone’s name. Since each language had its own system of number/letter equivalents, we will have to decide in what language the Anti-christ’s name is to be figured.

 

This is the way Roman numerals work. The letter I equals one, V=5, X=l0, L=50, C=l00, D=500 and M=1000. Each language would use its.own alphabet as numerals in a similar manner.

So we see that 666 or 616, is the numerical value of someone’s name. Since each language had its own system of number/letter equivalents, we will have to decide in what language the Anti-christ’s name is to be figured.

For example, we could make the letter A equal 1, B - 2, C - 3, D - 4, etc, Then the numerical value.of the name Ada would be l+4+1=6.,

This is the way Roman numerals work. The letter I equals one, V=5, X=l0, L=50, C=l00, D=500 and M=1000. Each language would use its.own alphabet as numerals in a similar manner.

So we see that 666 or 616, is the numerical value of someone’s name. Since each language had its own system of number/letter equivalents, we will have to decide in what language the Anti-christ’s name is to be figured.

Some wild ideas about
666

Opinions on 666: Here are the opinions of some of the most popular Bible teachers

 

What is 666? Does the Bible say what is the Mark of the beast? Is it the number 666? It is a biochip implant??

 

Is "www" equal to "666"?We've gotten several emails asking, is www. (the www. for internet addresses) really 666 in Hebrew?

 

Can someone "innocently" receive the Mark of the Beast? What if I "innocently" take a debit card, credit card, a vaccine, smart-card, or biochip and it turns out to be — 666: The Mark of the Beast?

 

Is the biochip implant the Mark of the Beast? This is a detailed study of the biochip implant. Probably, the most extensive and documented Biblical study of the biochip available.

 

Barcodes and 666?Are barcodes the mark of the beast? Do barcdoes really have the number 666 "hidden" in them?

 

Rock Music and 666 Rock music openly promotes the number 666: The Mark of the Beast.

 

Wars and rumors of wars  Jesus said in Matthew 24:6, "And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars:. . ." as one of the signs of His coming. According to a recent (12/29/1999)Washington Post article titled, "Wars Rage in a Third of World Nations", 193 nations, nearly a third of the world is at war.

 

ADS sounds like 666!!A device,designed to be im-planted in humans, is named "Digital Angel ".

 

Governments now can tattoo a bar-code on a person! U.S. Patent 5,878,155 was recently issued to Houston inventor Thomas W. Heeter, described as a "Method for verifying human identity by tattooing a bar code on an individual!

 

Internet Tax Plan or 666? The latest government "scheme" to tax the Internet would electronically "brand" the consumer with a "geocode". James Plummer of Consumer Alert, asks the obvious, "Why not go ahead and tattoo the geocode on the forehead?"

 

The Mark of the Beast "spoof" A "spoof" requesting participants to receive The Mark of the Beast was recently staged on the Internet. Results. . . Very interesting. . .

  

The first "documented" case of a micro-chip implant in a human

Professor Kevin Warwick at the University of Reading in England had a silicon chip implanted into his arm. What's next? .

 

 

LINKS to 666

there are 12 million web pages

dealing with 666,

here are a few of them

 

The Number of the Beast   I would offer the following to show that 666 need not apply solely to a man's name: 
www.aloha.net/~mikesch/666.htm

666related studiesrelated studiesIndex of Studies on 666 and the New World Order (global socialism), implantations. 
www.greaterthings.com/Word-Number/666/

666soon Will the Antichrist use the following technology spoken of in the Bible to control everyone? You be the judge.
www.666soon.com/ -

The film, The Omen, and those films that followed it, films which quoted non-existent scripture and misquoted others, was first a popular novel and then the movie that dealt with war that was supposed to be taking place between two eternal powers.

 
The film did much to interest and confuse the public about the Anti-Christ, 666. But similar confusion has been around for centuries. In just the last 200 years the Anti-Christ has been identified as the Pope, King George III, Napoleon, Abraham Lincoln, Kaiser Wilhelin, the International Zionist Movement, Aliester Crowley, Adolf Hitler, the Communist Party, John F. Kennedy, Heniy Kissinger, Ayatollah Khomeini, and lately, the little vertical marks that label all our grocery products.


What is this Anti-Christ/666 business all about?What is this Anti-Christ/666 business all about?


The Anti-Christ is a being mentioned in the New Testament, and only there. The radical Christian fundamentalists believe that the Anti-Christ is a world leader who will come shortly before the Second Coming of Jesus, and who will deceive the whole world and attempt to form a single world-wide government that will be non-Christian.


The following are all the Bible verses that are generally accepted as referring to the Anti-Christ:  

Then, if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Messiah’, or, There he is’, do not believe it. Impostors will come claiming to be messiahs or prophets, and they will produce great signs and wonders to mislead even God’s chosen people, if such a thing be possible.’ -Matthew 24:23-24 

And / beheld another beast coming up out of the Earth, and he had two horns like a lamb, but he spoke like a dragon. And he exercised a/I the authority of the first beast in his sight, and caused the world and its inhabitants to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound had been healed.  And he. .. deceived the inhabitants of the world by wonders which he was able to do in the presence of the beast, telling the inhabitants of the world that they should make a statue of the beast, which had a wound by the sword and yet lived. And he was able to give breath unto the statue of the beast, that the statue of the beast could both speak and cause a/I who would not worship the statue should be put to death. And he made a/I, both small and. great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or upon their foreheads, and no one was allowed to buy or sell unless he had that mark, either the name of the beast or the number of his name. Here is the key. Let anyone who has wisdom figure the number of the beast, for it is the name of a man, and the number is 666.  Revelation 13.-II-18

The beast that you saw was once alive, and is alive no more, but shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and into perdition. And they that dwell on Earth, whose names wore not written in the Book of Life since the beginning of this age, shall wonder when they behold the boast, who was once alive, and is alive no more, and yet still is. -Revelation 1 7:8

Let no man deceive you by any means, for that day (of rapture) shall not come until there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealedd 
- the son of perdition who opposes and exalts himself above a/I that is called God, or every object of man’s worship. He even takes his seat in the temple of God, claiming to be a god himself Do you not remember that / told you this while / was still with you, and know you now whose restraining hand ensures that he shall be revealed only at the proper time. For the mystery of that wickedness does already operate. Only the restrainer intervenes for a time, until he is removed. And than shall the wicked man become manifest whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming.. - 2 Thessalonians 2:3-8


Who is the liar? Who but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? He is an Anti-Christ, for he denies both the Father and the Son. 
- 1 John 2:2 22

My children, this is the last hour. You were told that the Anti-Christ was to come, and now many Anti-Christs have appeared, which proves to us that this is indeed the last hour.  -l John2.-18

This is what is meant by Anti-Christ. You have been told that he was to come, and here he is, in the world already.” I John4.3

The above verses are the entire source of information about the Anti-Christ. All the thousands of books and articles that have been written through the years about 666 and/or the Anti-Christ have been based on these few verses. Let us look .at them ourselves and try and make some sense out of them.


First of all, what is the Mark of the Beast all about?

To understand the true meaning of the Mark of the Beast we need to keep in mind that the central Jewish text that was recited twice daily by believing Jews begins: “‘Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one . . .” and concludes, speaking of God's commandments,And you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be for frontlets between your eyes."

It is reasonably clear, that to the first-century Jewish context- to whom the Book of Revelation what addressed, it is saying that someday the world would oppose the commandment to worship the God of Israel only, not that they would all  undergo a medical procedure that will insert a chip under the human skin.

For Jewish followers of Jesus and their children in the first century an issue of great concern was precisely the limits of this commandment in Deuteronomy 6:4. The basic question was: Is it possible to outwardly honor some Roman deities while maintaining the worship of Israel's God in your heart? This policy would insure the economic survival and prosperity under the watchful eye of the Roman authorities. But the Book of Revelation is unmoving in advocating an Israelite, Anti-Roman position where only worship of thr One God of Israel was permitted.


And next, let’s see what 666 is all about

Today gematria is well-known as a Jewish interpretive method that assigns numerical values of Hebrew letters to words, phrases and/or sentences. Then, by adding them together, seeks to determine their deeper meaning. Sometimes that connection is farfetched, but sometimes it is quite clear. But was Gematria also present the New Testament? The answer is a clear "yes".

Here are two obvious examples among many.

In Matthew’s genealogy, which shows that Jesus was a descendent of King David, we read “Thus there were fourteen generations in all from Abraham to David, fourteen from David to the exile to Babylon, and fourteenfrom the exile to the Messiah.” (Mathew 1:17). The numerical value of the Hebrew characters forming the name of the great King of Israel - Davidd((דוד) is 14.

 ד 14 = (4) ד + ((( ו + (4)ד

In the Book of Revelation, we read,  Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for the number is that of a man;; and his number is six hundred and sixty-six.” (Rev. 13:18)

Although the beast of the book of Revelation is almost certainly not limited to the first-century, near the time of writing of the Book of Revelation, there was a blood-thirsty persecutor of the early Christ-followers - Nero Caesar, whose name, if counted  in Hebrew, had a numeric value of 666. Interestingly, according to tradition, both Peter and Paul were martyred during his reign. It is likely that Nero Caesar was a symbolic figure of all future government-sponsored persecutions. If the original identification of the beast as Emperor Nero is correct, this  explains why some early manuscripts of the Book of Revelation have 616 instead of 666 as the number of the beast. 616 is the numeric value of Emperor Nero's name calculated from Latin.

As it is generally accepted that the New Testament was written in Greek, and that God is called by the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet (alpha and omega, Revelation 22.-)3), it is reasonable that we should work with the Greek language and alphabet.

Now to examine the term Anti-Christ.

The Greek ward 
Christ is often used instead of the Hebrew word Messiah. Both words can be translated “the anointed one.”


According to the Bible, when God chose a man to become king, he was anointed by the High Priest (I Sam. 10: 1, I Sam 18: 1, 13).

The word messiah specifically refers to a king that many Jews believed God was going  to send them. This king (or messiah, Daniel 9:26-26) was to be a descendent of King David and
 was to re-establish the great Jewish Empire that had been set up so the days of King David and King Solomon. Since the Messiah’s empire was divinely decreed, the Jews called it The Kingdom of God.


Several attempts were made to re-establish the ancient Jewish Empire, but around 160 B.C. a mortal blow was struck against any further hopes for a worldwide Jewish empiree.  At that time the Greco-Roman empire brought an end to Jewish rule so Jerusalem and place one of their own on the thrown - the thrown reserved for the Son of David - and the. Messiah!

Many Jews resented this change and began to refer to the non-Jewish ruler of Palatine as the false-messiah because he was reigning in place of the true messiah. They called him the anti-messiah or, in Greek, the Anti-Christ.


The Roman Emperor who supported the anti-Christ on the Jewish throne was secretly called by  the Jews “the Beast”. 

Revelation 13:7 tells us that no man might buy or sell unless he had the “mark’ of the beast in the right hand or forehead In those days, one had to get royal permission to engage in almost any form of commerce. And since the official language was Latin (even though most everyone spoke Greek), to deal with the government, you had to be able to write and speak Latin. The “mark” then was having a knowledge of Latin (the mark in the forehead) to be able to write in Latin (the mark in the right hand).


Thessalonians was fulfilled in 41 A.D. when Caligula proclaimed himself to be a god and sent his statue t6 Jerusalem to be erected in the Temple. This news so enraged the Jews that war broke out between the elect of

God - the Jews - and the forces of the Beast - Rome. This war almost resulted in the complete annihilation of the Jews. (Matthew 24-22)

Any competent historian can find many other “proofs’ ‘of the Anti-christ being the Judean puppet-kings Herod and others supported by the succession of Roman emperors.The point of all this is that many still prefer to believe in a yet-to-come modem-day Antichrist, even though history and the scriptures indicate he came and went 2000 years ago.  The reason many choose to believe tradition rather than truth is because they have not been exposed to the light of the New Age

 

Finally, many Bible have footnotes saying the number translated from the original Greek could be 616, experts say new photographic evidence of an ancient fragment of Book of Revelation papyrus indicates the number is indeed 616, not 666.


Scholars in England have been using modern technology to scour some 400,000 bits of papyri which were originally discovered in 1895 at a dump outside the ancient Egyptian city of Oxyrhynchus. Many of the sections have been damaged and discolored, but an imaging process is shedding new light on the sacred text, believed to have originally been penned by St. John, one of Jesus' apostles.

 

"This is a very nice piece to find," said Ellen Aitken, a professor of early Christian history at McGill University. "Scholars have argued for a long time over this, and it now seems that 616 was the original number of the beast."

 

The papyrus in the spotlight is believed to have been written toward the end of the third century (290 to 300 AD)

 

"This is very early confirmation of that number, earlier than any other text we've found of that passage," Aitken said. "It's probably about 100 years before any other version."

 

The main researcher promoting the 616 information is David Parker, professor of New Testament Textual Criticism and Paleography at the University of Birmingham in England.

 

"This is an example of gematria, where numbers are based on the numerical values of letters in people's names," Parker said. "Early Christians would use numbers to hide the identity of people who they were attacking: 616 refers to the Emperor Caligula."

 

Many commentators have gone with later copies of text which assign the number 666 to "the beast," believed by some to be the End-time world power.

 

Some have also linked 666 with Nero, the ancient Roman emperor known for persecuting Christians.

 

Parker points out the possibility of 616 was considered by the second century church father Irenaeus, who rejected it.

 

Regarding this new text, Parker said, "This adds weight to those who believe that it is a reference to Caligula's attempt to desecrate the Temple in Jerusalem, by having his statue erected there as part of the cult of emperor worship.

 

"There may be a reference to it in Mark [13:14], where he refers to the 'the abomination of desolation.' But this was overshadowed by the persecutions Nero. People believed that you could get from '666' to Nero because in Greek he is the emperor Neron Caesar. And 666 is one number less than the perfect 777. The text [showing 616] is quite legible to the naked eye. It was published in 1999, but it has taken people time to catch up."

Elijah Dan, professor of philosophy and religion at the University of Toronto, said the new number won't likely have an impact in the popularity of 666.

 

"Otherwise, a lot of sermons would have to be changed and a lot of movies rewritten," he said with a laugh.

 

The history of modern, evangelical Christianity can be described with the expression, “Don’t try and confuse me with the facts. My mind is made up,’ noted Rev. Dr. John Rodgers

 As it is generally accepted that the New Testament was written in Greek, and that God is called by the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet (alpha and omega, Revelation 22.-)3),  it is reasonable that we should work with the Greek language and alphabet.

Now to examine the term Anti-Christ.

The Greek ward 
Christ  is often used instead of the Hebrewis often used instead of the Hebrew word Messiah.. Both words can be translated “the anointed one.”


According to the Bible, when God chose a man to become king, he was anointed by the High Priest (I Sam. 10: 1, I Sam 18: 1, 13).

The word messiah specifically refers to a king that many Jews believed God was going  to send them. This king (or messiah, Daniel 9:26-26) was to be a descendent of King David and
 was to re-establish the great Jewish Empire that had been set up so the days of King David and King Solomon. Since the Messiah’s empire was divinely decreed, the Jews called it The Kingdom of God.The Kingdom of God.


Several attempts were made to re-establish the ancient Jewish Empire, but around 160 B.C. a mortal blow was struck against any further hopes for a worldwide Jewish empiree.  At that time the Greco-Roman empire brought an end to Jewish rule so Jerusalem and place one of their own on the thrown - the thrown reserved for the Son of David - and the. Messiah!

Many Jews resented this change and began to refer to the non-Jewish ruler of Palatine as the false-messiah because he was reigning in place of the true messiah. They called him the anti-messiah or, in Greek, the Anti-Christ.


The Roman Emperor who supported the anti-Christ on the Jewish throne was known as t “the Beast”. 

Revelation 13:7 tells us that no man might buy or sell unless he had the “mark’ of the beast in the right hand or forehead In those days, one had to get royal permission to engage in almost any form of commerce. And since the official language was Latin (even though most everyone spoke Greek), to deal with the government, you had to be able to write and speak Latin. The “mark” then was having a knowledge of Latin (the mark in the forehead) to be able to write in Latin (the mark in the right hand).

Thessalonians was fulfilled in 41 A.D. when Caligula proclaimed himself to be a god and sent his statue t6 Jerusalem to be erected in the Temple. This news so enraged, you had to be able to write and speak Latin. The “mark” then was having a knowledge of Latin (the mark in the forehead) to be able to write in Latin (the mark in the right hand).

Thessalonians was fulfilled in 41 A.D. when Caligula proclaimed himself to be a god and sent his statue t6 Jerusalem to be erected in the Temple. This news so enraged  the Jews that war broke out between the elect of God - the Jews - and the forces of the Beast - Rome. This war almost resulted in the complete annihilation of the Jews. (Matthew 24-22)

Any competent historian can find many other “proofs’ ‘of the Anti-christ being the Judean puppet-kings Herod and others supported by the succession of Roman emperors.The point of all this is that many still prefer to believe in a yet-to-come modem-day Antichrist, even though history and the scriptures indicate he came and went 2000 years ago.  The reason many choose to believe tradition rather than truth is because they have not been exposed to the light of the New Age

 

 Finally,many Bible have footnotes saying the number translated from the original Greek could be 616, experts say new photographic evidence of an ancient fragment of Book of Revelation papyrus indicates the number is indeed 616, not 666..

Scholars in England have been using modern technology to scour some 400,000 bits of papyri which were originally discovered in 1895 at a dump outside the ancient Egyptian city of Oxyrhynchus. Many of the sections have been damaged and discolored, but an imaging process is shedding new light on the sacred text, believed to have originally been penned by St. John, one of Jesus' apostles.Scholars in England have been using modern technology to scour some 400,000 bits of papyri which were originally discovered in 1895 at a dump outside the ancient Egyptian city of Oxyrhynchus. Many of the sections have been damaged and discolored, but an imaging process is shedding new light on the sacred text, believed to have originally been penned by St. John, one of Jesus' apostles.

 

"This is a very nice piece to find," said Ellen Aitken, a professor of early Christian history at McGill University. "Scholars have argued for a long time over this, and it now seems that 616 was the original number of the beast.""

 

The papyrus in the spotlight is believed to have been written toward the end of the third century (290 to 300 AD))

 

"This is very early confirmation of that number, earlier than any other text we've found of that passage," Aitken said. "It's probably about 100 years before any other version.""

 

The main researcher promoting the 616 information is David Parker, professor of New Testament Textual Criticism and Paleography at the University of Birmingham in England..

 

"This is an example of gematria, where numbers are based on the numerical values of letters in people's names," Parker said. "Early Christians would use numbers to hide the identity of people who they were attacking: 616 refers to the Emperor Caligula.""

 

Many commentators have gone with later copies of text which assign the number 666 to "the beast," believed by some to be the End-time world power..

 

Some have also linked 666 with Nero, the ancient Roman emperor known for persecuting Christians..

 

Parker points out the possibility of 616 was considered by the second century church father Irenaeus, who rejected it..

 

Regarding this new text, Parker said, "This adds weight to those who believe that it is a reference to Caligula's attempt to desecrate the Temple in Jerusalem, by having his statue erected there as part of the cult of emperor worship..

 

"There may be a reference to it in Mark [13:14], where he refers to the 'the abomination of desolation.' But this was overshadowed by the persecutions Nero. People believed that you could get from '666' to Nero because in Greek he is the emperor Neron Caesar. And 666 is one number less than the perfect 777. The text [showing 616] is quite legible to the naked eye. It was published in 1999, but it has taken people time to catch up.""There may be a reference to it in Mark [13:14], where he refers to the 'the abomination of desolation.' But this was overshadowed by the persecutions Nero. People believed that you could get from '666' to Nero because in Greek he is the emperor Neron Caesar. And 666 is one number less than the perfect 777. The text [showing 616] is quite legible to the naked eye. It was published in 1999, but it has taken people time to catch up."

Elijah Dan, professor of philosophy and religion at the University of Toronto, said the new number won't likely have an impact in the popularity of 666..

 

"Otherwise, a lot of sermons would have to be changed and a lot of movies rewritten," he said with a laugh..

 

The position of modern, evangelical Christianity has be described by noted theologian, Dr. John Rodgers, thusly, “Don’t try and confuse me with the facts. My mind is made up,’