Mary has been worshipped under the name Mary and similar names throughout  the ages.  Mother Mary, Mary Magdalene, Sophia, Eve and "Mother Nature" are some aspects of the Mother Goddess.

         Mother Earth or Mother Nature is the spouse whom Yahweh embraces in his original ancient function as the Sky-God. Earth and Sky meet, embrace, and create life in so many of the world's mythologies and religions. The Divine Feminine Force has always been at work in the universe, co-creating and co-equal with the Divine Masculine. Ignored, forgotten, lost, hidden, veiled, disguised among us... She now emerges from the shadows once again. Have you seen Her yet? 

       Throughout the ages, the female divine has been venerated as "Life-Giver," and Mary is no exception. Fertility and abundance are associated with The Mother who gives life from her womb and nourishment from her breasts. The Mother is 

the Provider of all life, for all life. As Mother, Mary is linked to Isis, Artemis, Cybele, andDemeter

        Isis was one of the first Madonnas, frequently protrayed as nursing Horus, her Divine Son. She was highly venerated during the years of the early Christian church, and most scholars agree that the cult of Isis strongly influenced the cult of Mary.

 "Our Lady of Light" was one of Isis' many titles, and in one sacred story, she gave birth to the sun. It is no coincidence that Christmas, the celebration of the birth of Mary's son, The Christ, is celebrated at the same time of year as Winter Solstice, the celebration of the re-birth of the sun, the return of the light.

      The name Isis translates as "throne," the seat of power. The Divine Son, Horus gained authority from sitting on his mother's lap. Many  statues of Isis and Horus in this posture were later renamed and dedicated as Madonna and Child. (See The Black Madonna .) This is particularly true of statues which name Mary as "Theotokos," the God-Bearer.

       Mary was called "Theotokos"  in 431 at Ephesus, where she eventually took over the temples of Artemis, the many-breasted Mother Goddess (also worshipped under the name Diana). Artemis was known as the Mother of Mercy, one of Mary's titles. Mary's mercy was sometimes bestowed through her breasts, which figured in many miracles and legends. It is said that milk from her breasts healed St. Bernard and also St. Teresa.

Egyptian Goddess Isis
 nursing her son Horus

I am the first and the last.
I am the honored one and the scorned one.
I am the whore and the holy one.
I am the wife and the virgin.
I am the mother and the daughter. . . .
I am she whose wedding is great,
And I have not taken a husband. . . .
I am shameless;
I am ashamed. . . .
I am godless,
And I am one whose God is great.

Thunder, Perfect Mind
Gnostic Poem
(A, p. 55-6)

       Cybele, "The Mother of All," is also clearly linked to Mary. Cybele is the dark Earth Mother, the Mother of Caves. Some of Mary's most famous shrines and apparitions are located in caves. Originally worshiped in the form of a raw meteor, Cybele is also linked to the Black Madonna.  As Goddess of Grain, Demeter, freely loaned her attributes to Mary as well. The Earth Mother has always been responsible for protecting and ensuring the health of crops. As a Mother Goddess, this falls into Mary's sphere. Grain miracles attributed to Mary decked many church walls and stained glass windows by the late Middle Ages. In one Christian legend, grain sprouted from a barren field that Mary passed during her flight into Egypt. Madonna del Spica in Italy holds sheaves of wheat in her arms, as does Our Lady of the Prairie in North Dakota.
        Mother Mary provides -- through her breasts, through the earth, through her words, miracles and appearances. As Goddess, she is World Mother, the Mother of us all.
yBELE