Ascended Master (or Mahatma) was a concept originally presented by Helena P. Blavatsky in the 1870s, the idea of Ascended Masters of the Ancient Wisdom was adopted by people who had had a connection with the Theosophical movement, such as Alice Bailey, Helena Roerich, and Manly P. Hall. Later on, many other New Age organizationsdeveloped the concept of Ascended Masters, which departs from the theosophical one in several aspects.

It is believed that Ascended Masters are individuals who were formerly embodied on the Earth and learned the lessons of life during their incarnations. They gained mastery over the limitations of the material planes, balanced at least 51% of negative karma, and fulfilled their Dharma. An Ascended Master has become God-like and a source of spiritual guidance to all, and through ascension has united with theown Higher Self.

It is further claimed by various groups and teachers all people will eventually attain ascension and move forward in spiritual evolution. According to these teachings, they remain attentive to the spiritual needs of humanity, and act to inspire and motivate its spiritual growth. They are considered part of the Spiritual Hierarchy of Earth, and members of the Great Brotherhood of Light, also known as the Great White Lodge, Great White Brotherhood, or Universal White Brotherhood.

According to Alice Bailey and Benjamin Creme there are sixty Masters of the Ancient Wisdom, defined as beings who have attained Ascended Mastership, with Djwhal Khul in a pivotal role as the master who telepathically dictated the many esoteric teachings in Baileys' books. Elizabeth Clare Prophet revealed, by taking "dictations" from them, the names of many dozens of additional Ascended Masters that were previously unknown.

The term "Ascended Master" was first used by Baird T. Spalding in 1924 in his series of books, "The Life and Teachings of the Masters of the Far East". Godfre Ray King (Guy Ballard) further popularized this concept of spiritual masters who had once lived on the earth in his1934 book Unveiled Mysteries and subsequent books.

 
The Primary Ascended Masters are:

St. Germaine: also known as Master Rakockzi: Francis Bacon in a previous incarnation
Morya: A Rajput Prince. Occupied Akbar's body in a previous incarnation.
Kuthumi (Koot Hoomi La Singh): : of Kashmir origin, studied at oxford in 1850. Was Pythagorus in a previous incarnation
Jesus:. Previous incarnation as Joshua, overshadowed by the Christ Consciousness.
Hilarion:. Was St. Paul and is now in a Cretan body
Paul the Venetian:..Was also the painter Paul Veronese
Serapis:.. He works with the Deva of Evolution
Maha chohan: Also known as the Lord of Civilization, Chief of the Masters_