Meditation is a technique of mind exercise that leads to inner feelings of calm and peacefulness and may result in experiences of transcendental awareness and self-realization. 
       You’re probably a beginner if you’re looking here, but virtually everybody who begins meditating will at some point wonder, sooner or later, if they are doing it right.
 
       The two main types of meditation are: (1) the focusing type, similar to self-hypnosis, in which the meditator focuses on a repetitive sound or chant, an image, or pattern of breathing; (2) the "opening-up" type which emphasizes the detached observation of mental events as they occur.

 

       Here are the simple and practical basics of exactly how to meditate properly:
  

1. Posture 

       Choose a place where you can sit calmly without any disturbance. Choose any posture in which you can sit comfortably for a long period, with your hands resting on your knees. Sitting up and keeping a straight back is usually best so the flow of energy is not disrupted. At first it seems like a lot of effort when trying to relax, but keeping your back straight actually places less stress on your spine and allows all your internal organs to align in their correct positions, as opposed to sitting ‘hunched up'. This  will become more comfortable as you get into your meditation. It just takes a bit of getting used to.  But if you do find sitting up just too uncomfortable then you can try laying down flat. Just be aware that, in this position, you are very likely to fall asleep and fail in your meditation.

 

2. Eyes

      Your eyes may be open or closed – different disciplines of meditation (e.g. Raja Yoga meditation, Zen meditation, etc.) encourage one or the other but it is best if you try both and choose whichever you prefer. One of the most effective methods is to try to gaze at the middle of your eyebrows with your eyes closed.

 

3. Thoughts 

      When learning how to meditate properly many people have concerns about what they should be thinking during meditating. It can be very hard to stop ones thoughts racing, let alone to think “nothing”, so what to do?! This confusion is perhaps one of the most common reasons that people stop meditating, but don’t let it stop you, because essentially it does not matter what you think; just relax and allow your thoughts to happen.

       Do not try to stop the flow of thoughts but again try to concentrate and again the flow of thoughts will start and again try to concentrate at the middle of your eyebrows.

 

4. The Goal

       The purpose of meditation to to reach a state of "No Mind" - a condition in which there are no thoughts.  You have often heard the expression, "make your mind a blank'?  This is the goal, but it is easier said than done. 

       One means to acheive this is to think of only one simple thing, like a dot.  When you can do this for minutes on end,  then all you have to do is to erase the dot!  And, voila, a state of no mind. This may only last for a split second but, with practice, you can maintain this condition for longer periods.