(from the Latin word for knowledge)
is a universally recognized system that builds
and organizes knowledge about
the form of explanations and predictons which can be
In popular culture the word science usually refers to
physics or chemistry.
Contemporary science is typically subdivided into the natural
sciences, which study the material
world; the social
sciences, which study people and societies; and the
formal sciences, such as mathematics.
The formal sciences are often excluded as they do not
depend on empirical observations
Disciplines which use science, like medicine
and engineering, are considered to be applied